“I just finished reading Steven Tyler’s autobiography, and nothing feels very crazy after that. For example, I’ve never had naked glitter covered ladies hanging around my backstage that people are doing blow off of. My touring stories have much more to do with internal hilarity and in jokes.
ST promotion and population health impactWith respect to population impact, there is some concern about attracting new users with reduced risk products into the overall pool of tobacco users, whose acquired disease risk would then offset the reduced disease burden among smokers. Kozlowski and colleagues have made the conceptual point that for a product with substantial risk reduction relative to cigarettes (say, >80%), the amount of uptake would have to be extraordinarily high to offset the benefit of moving smokers away from cigarettes.139 Levy and colleagues, gaining consensus from leading experts, estimated that LNST was 90% less hazardous than smoking,140 and that promoting ST could reduce smoking prevalence by 1 3 percentage points, with a small increase in overall ST use.141 Other attempts to more comprehensively model population effects have come to diverging conclusions.142 143 Gartner and colleagues modelled loss in health adjusted life expectancy for four groups relative to never smokers: continuing smokers, smokers who switch to Swedish snus, smokers who quit and snus users who never smoked.142 Life tables based on the Australian population were used, and potential health outcomes associated with smoking were based on the American Cancer Society’s Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS II) and the Australian Burden of Disease Study, while those associated with snus were based on Levy et al,140 with modelling estimates derived using Monte Carlo simulation. They found little difference in life expectancy loss between those who quit tobacco altogether and smokers who switched to snus, with both far lower than continued smoking.
These days, when she prepares batches of them, she’ll make 10 dozen at a time. She regularly stocks six varieties, including ones stuffed with cheese, sauerkraut, potato or a combination of ingredients. Cheese are the easiest: She lays out little rounds of dough, puts sweetened farmer’s cheese in the middle “I add a little sugar to it” folds and pinches to seal.
There will be live music (the Uppity Blues Women are performing) and a fine art and craft show. The Virginia Wine Festival will also have cooking demonstrations and seminars on how to pick the best wine to go with certain kinds of food. You also get a souvenir glass!.